Auckland has been named one of the top 10 most livable cities in the world, nine spots behind winner Melbourne, according to a global livability survey.
Melbourne edged out Austria's capital Vienna to claim the Global Livability Survey title of the best city in the world to live in for the second year running.
Auckland came in tenth, behind Adelaide, Sydney and Perth while Vancouver, rated third, is one of three Canadian cities listed among the top destinations.
Auckland mayor Len Brown said: "Auckland continues to sit proudly among the top 10 global cities in all three international most liveable city indices. That's great news but also highlights our challenge in becoming the world's most liveable city.
"We have work to do creating a world class public transport system supporting a quality compact city providing jobs for our people while protecting our natural and built environment."
Four of the five surveyed made it into the top 10 globally and were separated by just 1.6 percentage points.
The global livability survey is an annual list compiled by the EIU, initially as a test of whether human resource departments needed to pay a hardship allowance in expatriate relocation packages.
Melbourne's score of 97.5 per cent is close to the perfect score, with the city only losing points for climate, culture and petty crime.
The impact of the Arab Spring and the Eurozone crisis were significant factors in the 2012 global rankings.
At the other end of the scale Dhaka in Bangladesh was rated the least liveable city of the 140 considered in the survey.
The world's top 10 most livable cities:
1. Melbourne, Australia.
2. Vienna, Austria.
3. Vancouver, Canada.
4. Toronto, Canada.
5. Calgary, Canada.
5. (Equal) Adelaide, Australia.
7. Sydney, Australia.
8. Helsinki, Finland.
9. Perth, Australia.
10. Auckland, New Zealand.
Source: The Economist Intelligence Unit's Global Livability Survey 2012.The survey measures cities across five categories: stability, health care, culture and environment, education and infrastructure. It surveyed 140 cities worldwide.
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