Appeal Court backs liquidators' clawback
The Court of Appeal has backed liquidators' power to claw back payments made by an insolvent company up to two years before its collapse.
Three High Court decisions last year undid a commonly held belief about voidable transactions, where a liquidator can order a creditor to repay money received from a troubled firm.
The voidable transaction process is designed to prevent creditor queue jumping. A creditor can defend against a claim if it can prove it acted in good faith in accepting the payment, had no reason to suspect the business it was trading with was in trouble and gave value for the funds received.
The High Court ruled a creditor should not be disadvantaged just because it provided its services before being paid, as many suppliers did.
The High Court decisions meant voidable transactions would be virtually unenforceable and so appeals were lodged. Fairfax NZ