Thousands of stakeholders in the Empire State Building lost more than US$400 million (NZ$490m) in potential profits when the managing owners rebuffed potential buyers in order to sell public shares in the iconic skyscraper, a new lawsuit says.
By spurning all-cash offers for the tower and instead packaging it with lesser-known office properties into a publicly traded stock, father-and-son real estate magnates Peter and Anthony Malkin put their interests ahead of those of the building's longtime investors, lawyer John Rizio-Hamilton said Thursday.
He represents one of those investors, who filed the suit Tuesday seeking class-action status on behalf of roughly 3,000 people who hold Empire State Building shares that were sold privately in 1961.
The Malkins' company, Empire State Realty Trust, said through a spokeswoman that the suit's claims were "wholly without merit, and we will respond to them in court."
The suit, first reported Thursday by the US Daily News, marks the latest legal challenge over the October public offering that ushered the tower immortalised in "King Kong" and "Sleepless in Seattle" into the New York Stock Exchange.
Completed in 1931, the 102-story skyscraper was the world's tallest building until the World Trade Center supplanted it in 1972. When the Empire State Building changed hands in 1961, the buyers sold shares at US$10,000 each to help finance the deal. Some investors were everyday New Yorkers who pulled together just enough cash to get partial shares.
This year, Peter and Anthony Malkin spearheaded a public offering plan that combined the skyscraper with 11 other properties in their portfolio in New York and Connecticut. After a US$55m settlement in May resolved a lawsuit from some of the Empire State Building stakeholders opposing the IPO, shares began trading publicly in October at US$13 a share. The stock was trading at about US$15 a share Thursday.
The new suit says the US$13-a-share price valued the skyscraper at US$1.89 billion - but when several developers came forward between June and September with cash offers as high as US$2.3b, the Malkins turned them down.
"We have concluded that it is in your best interest to proceed with the consolidation (with other properties) and IPO," the Malkins told the investors in a September letter, according to the suit.
But really, the IPO was only in the Malkins' best interest, the suit says. They stood to gain more than US$300m from fees and a profit-sharing provision of the IPO, while giving the other properties the cachet of being associated with the Art Deco landmark, the suit says.
But the Empire State Building shareholders would have been better off with a sale to one of the developers, the lawsuit says.
"They would have had a bid in the hand, in the form of cash - and a bird in the hand that was bigger than whatever benefit they realised in the IPO," Rizio-Hamilton said by phone.
The suit seeks unspecified damages.