Lambs back from record low
The number of lambs tailed this spring is up almost two million compared to last year, but its still the third smallest crop in more than 50 years.
An estimated 26.9 million lambs were tailed this spring - 1.9 million more than last year, according to Lamb Crop 2012, the latest report from Beef + Lamb New Zealand's economic service.
Even so, this will be the third smallest lamb crop since the early 1950s. Only the previous two years were lower.
This year's increase was due to slightly more ewes mated (0.6 per cent) and the sheep being in good condition thanks to favourable feed conditions before mating. There was also an increase in lambs born from hoggets, economic service executive director Rob Davison said.
"The average lambing percentage across the country was 123 lambs born per hundred ewes - up from 119 in 2011."
Davison said this result confirmed the pregnancy scanning results from earlier in the year, signalled in September's new season outlook 2012-13.
"There were pockets of unfavourable weather in some areas during lambing, but farm management practices ensured good lamb survival," Davison said.
In the North Island, there was a small increase (1.2 per cent) in the number of breeding ewes compared with last spring and good lambing weather, combined with stock in good condition, drove the lambing percentage up from 118 per cent to 123 per cent.
In the South Island ewe numbers were the same as last season, but the number of lambs born was higher. The lambing percentage increased from 121 per cent to 123 per cent and the weather was a lot better than the year before.
"Significantly, there was a sharp increase in the number of lambs from hoggets because more were mated due to favourable feed conditions. Also evident was a structural change to a younger flock, with more than usual older and poorer performing ewes culled before mating."
The economic service forecasts there will be 20.5 million lambs available for processing in 2012-13 season - up 8.4 per cent. Last season's 18.9 million was the lowest since 1960-61.
The increase will be partially offset by an expected 2.1 per cent per cent decrease in average carcass weight to 18.3kg. This follows a return to more normal climatic conditions after good growing conditions last season lifted the average to a record 18.7kg.
Other key points from the report:
North Island export lamb slaughter estimated to increase 12 per cent to 9.9 million, an increase of 1.1 million lambs.
South Island export lamb slaughter estimated to go up 5.3 per cent to 10.6 million, an increase of 500,000 lambs.
While there will be more lambs, there has been a sharp correction in lamb prices - $5-6 per kg early in the season, compared to over $8 per kg in 2011.