Odd new species found in Kermadecs

01:19, May 20 2011
An antipodarum
An antipodarum - Spanish lobster walking over a tropical coral.
Galapagos sharks
Galapagos sharks are common in the Kermadec Islands Marine reserve where fishing has been banned for many years.
Shortfin lionfish
Shortfin lionfish, first recorded from the Kermadec Islands (and New Zealand) in 2004.
Spotted black grouper
Spotted black grouper grow to over 1.5 metres in length. The Kermadec Islands population is the last pristine population in the world.
Humpback whales
Humpback whales migrate past the Kermadec Islands with their young calves on their way south from tropical waters.
The hawksbill turtle is one of several turtle species known to occur at the Kermadecs.
The underwater landscape of the Kermadec Islands is devoid of large brown kelps, though small turfing algae are abundant. Most schooling fishes are plankton feeders.
Hard corals are common but do not form large reefs because their growth is limited by low temperatures at the southern limit of their range.

More new species - including a "straightened-out seahorse" - have been found in New Zealand's largest scientific expedition exploring the Kermadec  Islands.

Scientists say the pipe fish, a white creature with "striking" orange spots, is probably new to science and while only small, represents a significant find.

"We have two species that I'm pretty confident are new to science - a little left-eye flounder and a pipe fish, Auckland Museum marine curator Dr Tom Trnski says.

"We suspect the flounder doesn't grow very big as the largest one we have collected is just 10 centimetres long, but it's a pretty wee thing.

"Probably the most exciting find is the pipe fish. Pipe fish are related to sea horses, and are really just like a sea horse that has been straightened out."

The team, which includes experts from the Department of Conservation, Te Papa, NIWA and Australian Museum, have also recorded a number of species new to New Zealand.

These include a shark, a zebra lionfish, a tropical banded eel, a blackspot sergeant and a tropical goatfish.

New species have also been found on dry land.

Department of Conservation botanist Dr Peter de Lange has found three species of filmy ferns that are new records for the Kermadecs.

Confirming the new species may take months, as the material is sent to experts around the world to be identified.

New Zealand's subtropical Kermadec Islands group lie 1000km north east of the North Island.

The expedition has been focusing its attention around Raoul Island, and the small islands nearby, at the northern end of the Kermadecs.

It will now move south to Macauley Island, and over the next eight days the expedition will carry out surveys around the four southern islands in the island chain.

Follow the expedition team by clicking here.


Spotted pipefish
WITHOUT A NAME: A pipefish found by the Kermadecs expedition team could be a new species for science but until it's official it has been nicknamed the "orange-spot pipefish".