How Lincoln turned bitter rivals into allies

23:00, Oct 31 2012
ICONIC: Daniel Day-Lewis stars as President Abraham Lincoln in director Steven Spielberg’s Lincoln.

The task of encapsulating the essence of Abraham Lincoln in a single film took Steven Spielberg roughly three times as long as it took the 16th president to win the Civil War, abolish slavery and put the country on the course to recovery.

Creating such a historical epic may not compare to the colossal task of saving a bloodily divided nation. But by Hollywood standards, Lincoln is as monumental as it gets, even for a couple of multiple Academy Award winners as Spielberg and the man he chose to play the president, Daniel Day-Lewis.

Born in Britain, Day-Lewis had to think about Lincoln not only as a towering historical figure, but also as a foreign statesman whose portrayal would be a sensitive matter for US audiences that revere the president.

"Because of the nature of the iconography surrounding his life and the extent to which he is mythologised and carved in stone, it's very difficult to imagine that one could ever approach him, to get close enough," Day-Lewis said in an interview alongside Spielberg.

"I was very shy about the idea of taking on this. The idea of desecrating the memory of the most-beloved president this country has ever known was just kind of a fearful thing to me," said Day-Lewis, who earned best-actor Oscars for My Left Foot and There will be Blood.

Spielberg had long considered a film about Lincoln. He did not want to tell the whole life story, from Lincoln's rail-splitting days as a youth to his assassination right after the war ended.


He also did not want to make a Civil War film loaded with grand battles or tell the story of a war through one man's eyes. Spielberg already had done similar stories set in World War II with Schindler's List, the Holocaust saga that won him best-picture and director Oscars, and Saving Private Ryan, the combat epic that brought him his second directing trophy.

His approach began to coalesce in 1999 when he met with historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, who was in the early stages of writing her mammoth book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, a detailed chronicle of the unlikely alliances Lincoln formed with political opponents who initially considered him an unqualified upstart.

Her book traced the careers of Lincoln and his three rivals for the 1860 Republican presidential nomination and followed his White House years during the war through his assassination five years later. The notion of a politician turning bitter rivals into supporters and facilitators struck Spielberg as the ideal way to present the spirit of Lincoln.

Spielberg had to condense a 950-page account into a story that could play out on the screen in two-and-a-half hours.

An early draft of the screenplay by playwright Tony Kushner (Angels in America) ran to 550 pages.

"What stood out to me and really was shockingly apparent was almost the nexus of his entire existence as the president, which was abolishing slavery by a constitutional amendment, the 13th Amendment.

"And that to me became the focus that I wanted to put all of our efforts into, telling that story. Because to see Lincoln at work, with his sleeves rolled up, with all the murky machinations of legislating a bill with a divided house not too dissimilar with what's happening today."

So Lincoln takes its cue from the last couple of chapters in Goodwin's book, playing out from January to April 1865, as Lincoln marshals his allies in the seemingly impossible task of passing the amendment while negotiating peace - without letting one jeopardise the other.

Lincoln co-stars Sally Field as the president's forceful, high-strung wife, Mary Todd Lincoln; Joseph Gordon-Levitt as their oldest son, eager to enlist in the Union Army; David Strathairn as Secretary of State William Seward; and Tommy Lee Jones as firebrand abolitionist congressman Thaddeus Stevens.

Political veteran Seward had been the Republican front-runner in 1860, but the nomination went to dark horse Lincoln - a backwoods lawyer who had served just a single term in the US House and lost two campaigns for US Senate. Lincoln brought many opponents into his presidential fold, including Seward, whom he chose as secretary of state.

Goodwin's study of the unlikely alliances Lincoln formed was critical to Day-Lewis' approach to capturing the character of a leader who used his soft-spoken gifts as storyteller and raconteur to disarm critics and coax them toward his way of thinking.

"He knew that he was regarded with almost complete contempt by most of those people that he appointed, and yet he could see beyond that, and it wasn't with the rather petty-minded platitude of ‘keep your enemies close.' It was more to do with a generous understanding of what the value of those individuals was at a vital time."

Lincoln opens in the US on limited release on November 9 and nationwide on November 16, just after the US presidential election.

"We all made the conscious decision to come out after the election for no other reason than Lincoln has his place," Spielberg said. AP

Manawatu Standard