Suspicious Looking: Faces of crimes past

Amy Bock as a man. She masqueraded as a man and duped Agnes Ottoway into marrying her.
Amy Bock as a man. She masqueraded as a man and duped Agnes Ottoway into marrying her.
Daniel Lohill (b. 1883, New Zealand). Charged with theft and sentenced to four months on March 2, 1908.
Daniel Lohill (b. 1883, New Zealand). Charged with theft and sentenced to four months on March 2, 1908.
Rudolph Wagner (b. 1868). Charged with larceny and false pretences and sentenced to twelve months in gaol on 26 October 1887.
Rudolph Wagner (b. 1868). Charged with larceny and false pretences and sentenced to twelve months in gaol on 26 October 1887.
William Allen Markey (b. 1857, Australia). Charged with theft and sentenced to one month in gaol on March 17, 1908. His occupation is listed as "traveller".
William Allen Markey (b. 1857, Australia). Charged with theft and sentenced to one month in gaol on March 17, 1908. His occupation is listed as "traveller".
Stephen Jones (b. 1871, England). Charged with theft from a vessel and remanded in Auckland on May 4, 1908. Described as having a coat of arms tattooed on his chest, a dancing girl on his right arm, basket of flowers on the back of his right hand, crossed flags, wreath, forget me not, and a dancing girl on his left arm.
Stephen Jones (b. 1871, England). Charged with theft from a vessel and remanded in Auckland on May 4, 1908. Described as having a coat of arms tattooed on his chest, a dancing girl on his right arm, basket of flowers on the back of his right hand, crossed flags, wreath, forget me not, and a dancing girl on his left arm.
Wautara Wi (b. 1844). Charged with manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in gaol on November 1, 1889.
Wautara Wi (b. 1844). Charged with manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in gaol on November 1, 1889.
Turiroa (b. 1884, New Zealand). Charged with theft and sentenced to one month in gaol or a fine of 5 pounds sterling on July 29, 1909.
Turiroa (b. 1884, New Zealand). Charged with theft and sentenced to one month in gaol or a fine of 5 pounds sterling on July 29, 1909.
Walter James Kineaty, alias Howard/Head (b. 1889, Auckland, New Zealand). Charged with larceny and sentenced to 12 months on December 5, 1887.
Walter James Kineaty, alias Howard/Head (b. 1889, Auckland, New Zealand). Charged with larceny and sentenced to 12 months on December 5, 1887.
Maurice Kerr (b. 1854). Charged with false pretence and sentenced to nine months in gaol on March 18, 1886.
Maurice Kerr (b. 1854). Charged with false pretence and sentenced to nine months in gaol on March 18, 1886.
Jane O'Meara (b. 1879). Charged with brothel keeping and theft. Sentenced to four months in gaol on October 18, 1908.
Jane O'Meara (b. 1879). Charged with brothel keeping and theft. Sentenced to four months in gaol on October 18, 1908.
Jane Brown (b. 1857). Prostitute by trade.
Jane Brown (b. 1857). Prostitute by trade.
Thomas Henry Goodger (b. 1874, New Zealand). Charged with manslaughter and sentenced to two-and-a-half years in gaol on May 7, 1906.
Thomas Henry Goodger (b. 1874, New Zealand). Charged with manslaughter and sentenced to two-and-a-half years in gaol on May 7, 1906.
James Bowden (b. 1863, New Zealand). Charged with drunkenness and sentenced to 14 days in gaol on September 7, 1907.
James Bowden (b. 1863, New Zealand). Charged with drunkenness and sentenced to 14 days in gaol on September 7, 1907.
Patrick O'Donnell (b. 1854). Charged with forgery and sentenced to three years in gaol on January 4, 1887.
Patrick O'Donnell (b. 1854). Charged with forgery and sentenced to three years in gaol on January 4, 1887.
Hugh Hunter (b. 1866). Charged with riotous conduct and sentenced to three months in gaol on May 9, 1889.
Hugh Hunter (b. 1866). Charged with riotous conduct and sentenced to three months in gaol on May 9, 1889.
James Kennedy (b. 1843). Charged with larceny and sentenced to 18 months in gaol on April 4, 1888.
James Kennedy (b. 1843). Charged with larceny and sentenced to 18 months in gaol on April 4, 1888.
Arthur Samuel Bright (England). A solicitor by trade, wanted by the New South Wales Police for outstanding charges of embezzlement.
Arthur Samuel Bright (England). A solicitor by trade, wanted by the New South Wales Police for outstanding charges of embezzlement.
Basil Cochrane, alias George McDonald (b. 1868, England). Charged with three counts of imposing and sentenced to four months on each charge on 20 July 1888. A draper by trade, described as having a dimple on his chin.
Basil Cochrane, alias George McDonald (b. 1868, England). Charged with three counts of imposing and sentenced to four months on each charge on 20 July 1888. A draper by trade, described as having a dimple on his chin.
Ernest Carl Milsch (b. 1874, Germany). Charged with causing bodily harm and sentenced to two years on July 20, 1907. His occupation is listed as being a fireman, and he is described as having a dancing girl on a ball tattooed on his right arm.
Ernest Carl Milsch (b. 1874, Germany). Charged with causing bodily harm and sentenced to two years on July 20, 1907. His occupation is listed as being a fireman, and he is described as having a dancing girl on a ball tattooed on his right arm.
Benjamin Sutherland (b. 1857, Scotland). Charged with larceny from a ship and sentenced to four years in gaol on January 17, 1883.
Benjamin Sutherland (b. 1857, Scotland). Charged with larceny from a ship and sentenced to four years in gaol on January 17, 1883.
Christina Lawson (b. 1858). A prostitute by trade, charged with vagrancy and sentenced to six months in gaol on February 5, 1890.
Christina Lawson (b. 1858). A prostitute by trade, charged with vagrancy and sentenced to six months in gaol on February 5, 1890.
David Green, alias Merley/Dean (b. 1883, New Zealand). Charged with breaking & entering and sentenced to three years in gaol on November 11, 1907. His occupation is listed as sugar boiler and he is described as having tattoos of crossed flags, a wreath and 'D' on his forearm and five dots on his left hand.
David Green, alias Merley/Dean (b. 1883, New Zealand). Charged with breaking & entering and sentenced to three years in gaol on November 11, 1907. His occupation is listed as sugar boiler and he is described as having tattoos of crossed flags, a wreath and 'D' on his forearm and five dots on his left hand.
Douglas Hampton, alias Hamilton/Walter Johnston (b. 1860, England). Charged with false pretences and sentenced to 12 months in gaol on June 8, 1885.
Douglas Hampton, alias Hamilton/Walter Johnston (b. 1860, England). Charged with false pretences and sentenced to 12 months in gaol on June 8, 1885.
William Scott (b. 1889, England). Charged with robbery under arms and sentenced to 12 months in gaol on February 19, 1908.
William Scott (b. 1889, England). Charged with robbery under arms and sentenced to 12 months in gaol on February 19, 1908.
William Wright (b. 1874). Charged with breach of the peace and sentenced to one month in gaol on August 4, 1889.
William Wright (b. 1874). Charged with breach of the peace and sentenced to one month in gaol on August 4, 1889.
Yoz Yugnovich (b. 1873, Austria). Charged with attempted rape and sentenced to five years in gaol on August 8, 1904.
Yoz Yugnovich (b. 1873, Austria). Charged with attempted rape and sentenced to five years in gaol on August 8, 1904.
Henry George Hegarty (b. 1883, Australia). Charged with theft and sentenced to three months in gaol on March 28, 1908.
Henry George Hegarty (b. 1883, Australia). Charged with theft and sentenced to three months in gaol on March 28, 1908.
Harry Dyer (b. 1883, New Zealand). Charged with theft and sentenced to three months in gaol on July 21, 1908 (Auckland). Photograph taken on July 21, 1908 in Auckland. A labourer by trade, Dyer had previous charges for drunkenness, indecent act, and theft.
Harry Dyer (b. 1883, New Zealand). Charged with theft and sentenced to three months in gaol on July 21, 1908 (Auckland). Photograph taken on July 21, 1908 in Auckland. A labourer by trade, Dyer had previous charges for drunkenness, indecent act, and theft.
Heuare Kakukuio alias Herika Mahia (b. 1857). Charged with two counts of horse stealing, and sentenced to two years on October 7, 1888.
Heuare Kakukuio alias Herika Mahia (b. 1857). Charged with two counts of horse stealing, and sentenced to two years on October 7, 1888.
David Kirk Rhodes (b. 1847). Charged with nine counts of embezzlement and sentenced to three years in gaol on April 4, 1889.
David Kirk Rhodes (b. 1847). Charged with nine counts of embezzlement and sentenced to three years in gaol on April 4, 1889.
Alfred Langley (b. 1837, England). Charged with illegal gaming and sentenced to one month in gaol on March 20, 1889.
Alfred Langley (b. 1837, England). Charged with illegal gaming and sentenced to one month in gaol on March 20, 1889.
Alfred Lovegrove (b. 1852, England). Charged with attempted rape and sentenced to two years in gaol on July 19, 1886.
Alfred Lovegrove (b. 1852, England). Charged with attempted rape and sentenced to two years in gaol on July 19, 1886.
Alfred Forrest (b. 1838, England). Charged with four counts of larceny and sentenced to four months in gaol on April 10, 1889.
Alfred Forrest (b. 1838, England). Charged with four counts of larceny and sentenced to four months in gaol on April 10, 1889.
Alex Haddlestone alias Fiddlestone/Thomas Edwards/Edmunds/Allan (b. 1861, New Zealand). Charged with larceny and sentenced to 18 months in gaol on  October 24, 1886.
Alex Haddlestone alias Fiddlestone/Thomas Edwards/Edmunds/Allan (b. 1861, New Zealand). Charged with larceny and sentenced to 18 months in gaol on October 24, 1886.
Albert Johnston alias Albert Jones (b. 1879, Australia). Charged with theft and sentenced to two months in gaol on September 12, 1907.
Albert Johnston alias Albert Jones (b. 1879, Australia). Charged with theft and sentenced to two months in gaol on September 12, 1907.
Ah Chop (b. 1854, China). Charged with attempted larceny and sentenced to two years in gaol on April 9, 1889.
Ah Chop (b. 1854, China). Charged with attempted larceny and sentenced to two years in gaol on April 9, 1889.
John Powell (b. 1843). Charged with killing a sheep with intent to steal the carcass and sentenced to two years in gaol on October 8, 1889.
John Powell (b. 1843). Charged with killing a sheep with intent to steal the carcass and sentenced to two years in gaol on October 8, 1889.

It was  to be the "society wedding" of the year, but ended up as one of the greatest cons ever pulled in New Zealand history.

Australian-born Amy Bock was a penniless small time fraudster who the pages of history would have most likely forgot, but now her mug shot hangs alongside an array of some of the most haunting arrest photos from the 19th century in New Zealand.

Also featured in an online exhibition on the New Zealand Police Museum's website, Bock's face is immortalised alongside a number of other petty criminals, nefarious characters, and truly evil personalities.

Bock is known for masquerading as a man and duping Agnes Ottoway into marrying her. She was the daughter of boarding house owners on the coast of South Otago. Bock, had successfully tricked the wealthy family into thinking her persona, Percy Redwood, was wealthy in his own right.

The ruse only lasted a few days after the wedding however, and now Bock's mug shot features in an exhibition entitled "Suspicious Looking".

Curated by Chelsea Nichols, Suspicious Looking offers an intriguing look into the histories of a number of criminals from 1886-1908. It also delves into how police identified criminals before the invention of fingerprint and DNA databases.

One criminal, John Solomon Taylor, born 1877, was charged with poisoning a horse and sentenced to nine months "gaol" in May 27, 1907. The baker by trade was largely identified as having a "scar on his left wrist, and two on his left shin".

Police Museum spokeswoman Sophie Giddens said a common feature of the mug shots was for the subject to have their hands showing.

"In 1886, the introduction of fingerprinting in New Zealand was still nearly two decades away, so the inclusion of hands in mug shots provided an additional point of identification for police. Missing fingers, scars, and the general shape and condition of the prisoners' hands could all help in the identification of a suspect."

The New Zealand Police Force was officially established in 1886 and a standardised way of taking mug shots was not introduced until 1904, so only some had photos where their hands were shown.

In 1903, Police Commissioner Walter Dinnie organised a comprehensive system of criminal registration for the New Zealand Police, in an attempt to modernise and professionalise policing in the country. His new system required photographs, handwriting samples, reports, associates, and operating habits to be collected from every criminal arrested in New Zealand.

While the exhibition has been online for some time, the Police Museum said research into the characters displayed in their gallery was ongoing, and new pieces of information were always being found.

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