Film puts spotlight on rural suicide
Keith Hawke is making a documentary about rural suicide, writes Sarah Dunn .
Upper Moutere man Keith Hawke wants to draw attention to a taboo issue that kills more New Zealanders a year than traffic accidents.
The experienced film-maker is making an independent documentary on how suicide affects rural communities. It will feature about 18 interviews with people who have contemplated or attempted suicide, and those who have been affected by the suicide of others.
In the year ending June 30, 541 people committed suicide in New Zealand. Chief coroner Judge Neil MacLean said this year that New Zealand's suicide rate had not dropped significantly since records began in 2007, calling the number of deaths "frustrating".
Records from the New Zealand Transport Agency show that 264 people were killed on the roads in the year to April 30 - about half the number of those who killed themselves.
Nelson and Tasman are part of the Palmerston North coronial region, which saw 47 suicides in the last financial year. There were 51 suicides in the previous year, and the highest year on record was 2010-2011 with 60 suicides.
Mr Hawke said people living on rural properties were disproportionately affected by suicidal thoughts because they tended to be isolated.
They had a self-sufficient mentality which stopped them from seeking help, and they had equipment that could be used for a suicide attempt.
"The person most at risk of completing suicide is a middle-aged farmer with experience of mental illness," he said.
Mr Hawke said he wanted to direct his documentary at people who would be close to them - bankers, stock agents, real estate agents, and their families. He aimed to help raise awareness of mental health issues, stress the importance of seeking professional help, reduce the stigma and discrimination associated with mental illness, provide information on how to get support and, ultimately, decrease the number of rural suicides.
"The conversation has to start," he said. "These people need to know that they are not alone."
Mr Hawke said he was interviewing recovering cardiac patients for an educational DVD commissioned by the Nelson Marlborough District Health Board when it was first suggested that he investigate New Zealand's high suicide rate.
After making the DVD, a truck driver who made a delivery to his studio wanted to discuss his experiences with depression and attempt at suicide.
This encounter struck a nerve and Mr Hawke put out a call through his network of friends and acquaintances, saying a surprising number of people responded with stories of their own experiences.
"I think people like to talk, or like to talk to me, anyway," he said. "I find that most people I get talking to have got a link."
He said one rural respondent from Otaki said four of his neighbours had committed suicide. Of the eight vintage portrait photographs hanging on the wall of the office next door to Mr Hawke's studio, three of the subjects had killed themselves.
Mr Hawke said restrictions in press coverage meant suicide was a taboo subject, even though the statistics were shocking.
"If one person on the road dies, it's in the paper, but if 10 people suicide it doesn't make the back page."
New Zealand media are restricted in what they can report on suicides under the Coroners Act 2006, which bars the release of all information except name, age, occupation and finding of self-inflicted death, unless releasing other information would do no harm.
Mr Hawke said the taboo went beyond the media, saying people commonly changed the subject when he said he was working on a film about suicide.
"They say, ‘Oh'."
He said Rural Women New Zealand, Federated Farmers and regional network Mainland Television had been very supportive but other organisations were wary of the subject.
"Lots of people, they agree there's a problem and they're happy to talk about it but they don't want to be associated with it . . . for the main channels, forget it."
Judge MacLean said: "Despite the tremendous grief caused by suicide in New Zealand, suicide remains a taboo topic that is rarely talked about or discussed.
"It is my view that more discussion of suicide and the provision of more accurate information about suicide in New Zealand can only be for the better."
Jackie Edkins, from Rural Women New Zealand, said New Zealand's high suicide rate affected people living in rural areas more than those in the cities. She quoted data from the Ministry of Health showing that the suicide rate for those living in rural areas was significantly higher than those living in urban areas, with rural people experiencing a rate of 16 per 100,000 people versus the urban rate of 11.2 per 100,000.
The coroner's office released figures to the Nelson Mail showing 16 suicide cases involving farmers or farm workers were investigated in the 2012-2013 financial year. Some of these cases remain provisional pending the coroner's official finding, and some from the previous year are also still open. The toll reached 19 last year.
There have been 136 suicides by farmers or farm workers in New Zealand since 2007 and 129 of these were men.
Rural Women sent out a survey titled, Feeling Rotten, in February to find out how prevalent feelings of depression and anxiety were in rural communities. More than 90 per cent of the respondents were female, and 40 per cent worked in an agriculture-related field. They included orchardists, dairy farmers, agribusiness consultants and vets. About 60 per cent of these were 41 to 65 years old.
According to the survey, more than 40 per cent of respondents who had problems with anxiety felt overwhelmed or overextended. Financial stress was the top cause of anxiety for 38 per cent, and family issues contributed to the load for 13 per cent of respondents.
Mr Hawke is seeking funding for the DVD through the crowdsourcing website PledgeMe.
He estimated he would need about $18,000 to produce an initial run of 1000 DVDs, which will be distributed to people who are regularly in touch with the rural community. His page on the website can be found at https://www.pledgeme.co.nz/projects/1642
He has broken down the cost of his documentary as below: Director, cameraman and sound recordist fees: 22 per cent Camera, sound and lighting rental: 19 per cent Travel to rural areas around New Zealand: 12 per cent Accommodation, food and general expenses: 17 per cent Design and duplicate 1000 DVDs: 17 per cent Editing and post-production: 8 per cent PledgeMe commission: Between 5 and 8 per cent
People in crisis or concerned about someone who may be in crisis can call these confidential helplines: Youthline: 0800 376633 Lifeline: 0800 543354 Samaritans: 0800 726666 Depression: 0800 111757 --------------------
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