Your own beating heart may generate enough electricity to power a heart-regulating pacemaker, ending the need for expensive surgeries to replace expiring batteries, according to an early study of an experimental energy-converting device.
Researchers at the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor tested an energy-harvesting device that runs on piezoelectricity - the electrical charge generated from motion, according to the study which was released at the annual American Heart Association scientific conference on Sunday.
The approach is a promising technological solution for pacemakers, because they require only small amounts of power to operate, said M. Amin Karami, the study's lead author and a research fellow at the university.
The implanted devices, which send electrical impulses into the heart to help maintain a normal heartbeat, have to be replaced every five to seven years when their batteries run out.
Researchers measured heartbeat-induced vibrations in the chest.
They then used a "shaker" to reproduce the vibrations in the laboratory and connected it to a prototype cardiac energy harvester they developed.
Measurements of the prototype's performance, based on a wide range of simulated heartbeats, showed the energy harvester generated more than 10 times the power required by modern pacemakers.
The device is about half the size of batteries now used in pacemakers and includes a self-powering back-up capacitor, Karami said.
Researchers hope to integrate their technology into commercial pacemakers.
"What we have proven is that under optimal conditions, this concept is working," Karami said, adding that the next step is to integrate the device into a pacemaker.
The researcher, who presented the study here at a scientific meeting of the American Heart Association, said the technology might one day also power other implantable cardiac devices, such as defibrillators.
The study was funded by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences.
About 700,000 people worldwide who have heart rhythm disturbances get a pacemaker or defibrillator each year.
In the United States, pacemakers sell for about US$5,000, which does not include the cost of surgery, a hospital stay and additional care.
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