Russia plans moon probe
Russia will resume a long-dormant quest to explore the Moon by sending an unmanned probe there in 2015.
Vladimir Popovkin, the head of Russia’s space agency, Roskosmos, made the announcement Tuesday (NZT Wednesday), saying the craft, called Luna-Glob, or Moon-Globe, would be carried by the first rocket to blast off from a new facility being built in the far eastern Amur region.
"We will begin our exploration of the Moon from there," he said of the new space centre that will decrease Russia's reliance of the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the ex-Soviet nation Kazakhstan, which it leases.
Russian space officials have said Luna-Glob would consist of an orbital module and a probe that would land on the Moon and beam back information about samples it takes from the surface.
The Soviet Union got a jump on the United States in the Cold War space race, sending a probe to the Moon in 1959 and putting the first person into space in 1961. But the United States first put a man on the Moon in 1969 and Russia has not done so.
The last successful Soviet launch of a unmanned probe to the Moon was in the 1970s.
Russia has suffered setbacks in its space programme in recent years, including bungled satellite launches and the failure of a Mars probe in 2011.
A successful rocket launch on Tuesday put three military satellites in orbit, the Defense Ministry said.
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev approved a plan last month to spend 2.1 trillion roubles (NZ$85 billion) on space industry development in 2013-2020, to pursue projects to explore the Moon and Mars, among other things.