Passengers rescued from Antarctic ship

01:39, Jan 03 2014
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The weather has been so bad the team had to put up a tent for communications on the top deck of the Shokalskiy.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The boat stuck in the ice
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The chopper sent out to scope the area after a Chinese icebreaker sent to rescue the team had to abandon the mission.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The work goes on: "Dr Erik van Sebille of the AAE is working with co-leader Dr Chris Fogwill to measure changes in the saltiness and temperature of the ocean near one of the observation sites of the original expedition."
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The boat is well wedged in.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
Professor Chris Turney, leader of the expedition, talking to international media from the top deck of the Shokalskiy.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The stranded MV Akademik Shokalskiy.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
Cara Turney and her mother Annette brave the cold to enjoy the first few minutes of the New Year on the top deck of the ship.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
Bringing in the new year in a tent lashed to the Akademik Shokalskiy's top deck.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
Passengers stamp out a helipad ready for a rescue chopper to airlift them out.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The landing area for the rescue helicopter.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
The passengers were flown out in small groups.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
Making a run for the chopper.
Trapped ship in Antarctica
After days of disappointment, the stranded passengers finally get airlifted from the sip.
us ship
The Polar Star is being sent by the US to help free Russian ship Akademik Shokalskiy and Chinese icebreaker Snow Dragon gripped by Antarctic ice.

Central Otago woman Nicola Kerr who was trapped on the Russian ship in the Antarctic, has been rescued along with 52 other passengers. 

Youngest brother, Gus Kerr, said the family was relieved to hear Ms Kerr's new ship, the Aurora Australis, was now in open water.

''We had not been overly worried, but its good they are all headed for land now,'' he said.

Rescue workers make their way from a helicopter to the Russian ship Akademik Shokalskiy
ON A MISSION: Rescue workers make their way from a helicopter to the Russian ship Akademik Shokalskiy, which has been trapped in Antarctic ice since Christmas Eve.

All 52 passengers, including six New Zealanders, trapped for more than a week on an icebound Russian research ship in the Antarctic were rescued when a Chinese helicopter swooped in and plucked them from the ice a dozen at a time.

The dramatic international rescue operation became possible once the weather finally cleared. Blinding snow, strong winds, fog and thick sea ice forced rescuers to turn back time and again.

The twin-rotor helicopter - its red and yellow colors contrasting starkly against the ice and snow - carried the scientists and tourists from the Russian ship MV Akademik Shokalskiy to an Australian icebreaker, according to the Australian Maritime Safety Authority's Rescue Coordination Centre, which oversaw the rescue.

At one point, the passengers linked arms and stomped out a landing site in the snow next to the Russian ship for the helicopter, which is based on a Chinese icebreaker.

The eagerly anticipated rescue came after days of failed attempts to reach the vessel, which was trapped since Christmas Eve.

The icebreaker Aurora Australis will take the passengers to the Australian island state of Tasmania, a journey expected to last two weeks.

"I think everyone is relieved and excited to be going on to the Australian icebreaker and then home," expedition leader Chris Turney told The Associated Press by satellite phone from the Antarctic.

Turney tweeted close to midnight (NZT) that all the passengers had made it to Aurora Australis.


We've made it to the Aurora australis safe & sound. A huge thanks to the Chinese & @AusAntarctic for all their hard work! #spiritofmawson


He had tweeted about 6.45pm (NZT) that the Chinese helicopter had arrived to evacuate the scientists and tourists stuck on board the Akademik Shokalskiy since Christmas Eve. Turney also posted a video of the helicopter arriving.

The Chinese helicopter has arrived @ the Shokalskiy. It's 100% we're off! A huge thanks to all. #spiritofmawson

The 22 crew members of the Akademik Shokalskiy stayed with the icebound vessel, which is not in danger of sinking and has enough supplies on board to last for weeks. They will wait until the ice that surrounds the ship breaks up.

The Akademik Shokalskiy, which left New Zealand on November 28, got stuck after a blizzard pushed the sea ice around the ship, freezing it in place about 2700 kilometres south of Hobart, Tasmania.

Three icebreakers were dispatched to try to crack their way through the ice surrounding the Russian ship, but all failed. The Aurora came within 20 kilometres of the ship, but fierce winds and snow forced it to retreat to open water.

It initially appeared the weather had thwarted yet another rescue attempt. The helicopter was originally going to carry the passengers back to the Chinese icebreaker, the Snow Dragon, with a barge then ferrying them to the Aurora. But sea ice prevented the barge from reaching the Chinese vessel, and the maritime authority said the operation would have to be delayed.

A last-minute change in plans allowed the rescue to go ahead. The passengers were instead flown to an ice floe next to the Aurora and then taken by a small boat to the Australian ship, Turney said.

While scientists expect and observe more extreme weather with man-made global warming, some say it's not quite fair to blame the Antarctic blizzard that trapped the ship on climate change.

University of Colorado ice scientist Waleed Abdalati, NASA's former chief scientist, cautioned, like many scientists do, that while researchers can spot a trend in extreme weather, they can't immediately associate an individual event -like a blizzard - with changing climate.

When scientists do attribute an individual extreme weather event to climate change, it is usually more than a year later after numerous computer model simulations and then published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Also, Antarctica, which is more governed by localized wind circulation and other characteristics, "is kind of its own beast," Abdalati said. "Antarctica feels the changing climate a little differently than the rest of the world. I myself can't point to the weather and say 'it's part of a changing climate."'

The scientific team on board the Russian vessel had been recreating Australian explorer Douglas Mawson's 1911 to 1913 voyage to Antarctica.

Turney had hoped to continue the trip if an icebreaker managed to free the ship. Despite his disappointment over the expedition being cut short, he said his spirits remained high.

"I'm a bit sad it's ended this way," he said. "But we got lots and lots of great science done."

China has an interest in Antarctica, with the growing scientific power recently beginning construction on its fourth Antarctic research base.

It was unknown how long it would be before the Russian ship could be freed from the pack ice or how long the crew would have to remain in Antarctica. 

The 74 people onboard the ship were retracing Sir Douglas Mawson's Antarctic expedition and conducting scientific research when it became trapped in sea ice on Christmas Day.