Kiwis really can't get enough of smartphones - even though they are taking over our lives and connecting us to work 24 hours a day, a new study shows.
We use our phones in the car, in bed, on the bus, at work, at the pub and on holiday. And we don't mind the intrusion.
The Great New Zealand Employment Survey 2013* conducted by Clarian HR in association with Massey University showed that 73 per cent of people now work outside of office hours and much of that can be attributed to technology such as smartphones.
Nearly two-thirds of those surveyed said the technology had meant they were doing more work than they used to.
Respondents said they were able to better utilise down time and had become more efficient, but conversely felt they always had to reply to emails promptly regardless of whether they had been sent after-hours in case their managers questioned their work ethic.
But only one in four people thought smartphones had made their lives worse - the majority saying the phones had either had no impact or had a positive effect.
Respondents loved that they never got lost any more thanks to smartphone maps, could deal with minor issues quickly, deal with issues after-hours to stay on top of high workloads, and have a calendar at their fingertips to schedule time effectively.
But others felt they had less time for family and could not fully unwind from work, especially on Friday nights and weekends.
"I feel like if my employer wants to give me this technology, and expects me to be contactable more often, then I should be paid more for being available outside work hours," one respondent said.
Dianne Gardner, a psychology lecturer at Massey University, said few people these days were in an environment where work stopped "at the factory gate".
"We can do more, more quickly, and more easily. The pressure comes when we are expected to do things instantly."
Gardner said smartphones meant people could not only get "work stuff done at home, but also our home stuff done at work. There is this interconnectedness now".
"You can take the kids to hockey and keep up with your emails. OK, the kids might not appreciate that if they score a goal and you weren't looking, but you can probably get the pictures off one of the other parents who were there."
There might, however, be a feeling of compulsion or expectation to keep up with work.
"There is a feeling that if you don't keep up then by tomorrow things will have moved past you.
"If the pressure of work gets to you to the point where you feel like you can't put the phone down during dinner or you can't put it down to have a conversation or engage with the kids, then that is going to be a problem."
Employers and employees from organisations across the country were able to take part in the online survey, which was open for three weeks in August. Among the 334 people who took part, there was an equal split between employers and employees
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