Top tips for a festive photo
The festive season brings with it a few inevitabilities - indulgence in delicious food, annoying Christmas carols, and giving or receiving an unwanted present.
And then there's the Unhappy Snappee.
Every family has one - the person who refuses to smile for the birdie, looks sternly at the lens, or barks at anyone even attempting to include them in a picture.
How to get them involved in a happy snap or two as part of Christmas celebrations?
"The key is to relax," according to photographer Alex Kennison from Savvy Studios.
"But some people will always be uptight and nervous in front of the camera - generally those people have had bad photos taken by friends and family all their lives and are now a bit paranoid."
Kennison says that in that case, candid photographs will always look better than forced smiles.
"Try getting the kids to take photographs. Kids are often less threatening than adults ... and Nanna will always smile for the grandkids."
Kennison photographs weddings, parties, anything, and has some helpful hints for both the subject and the photographer.
Tips for the subject
Tips for the photographer
If you don't smile because you're worried about exposing your teeth, Andrew Wong from the Australian Dental Association Queensland says it may be time to visit a dentist.
"The vast majority of dental problems are preventable," says the Ipswich-based dentist, recommending brushing twice a day, flossing once a day, getting six-monthly check-ups and maintaining a healthy diet with limited sugar and acid.
"Keeping the levels of bacteria in the mouth low can prevent periodontal or gum disease, which reduces the body's ability to fight infection," says Dr Wong.
Smoking not only stains your teeth yellow, but can cause oral cancers. It's another good reason to quit.
Tooth-whitening is an option to improve colour, but it's recommended to do it through a dentist to ensure the right application of chemical lighteners.
Composite fillings can be used for minor chips and cracks; composite or porcelain veneers for more severe fractures or discolourations.
"Crowns can be put over teeth to strengthen them and change their shape, but we only do that if the tooth is badly broken down," says Dr Wong.
Orthodontics is another way of improving your smile, with the old-school metal mashers replaced with clear brackets, or even braces that attach to the inside of your teeth. Sequential aligners are a series of clear moulds that the wearer changes frequently to slowly move their teeth into a more desired position.
Dr Wong says while many remain scared of the dentist, a large number of procedures these days are relatively painless.
"It's important for you to establish what you want with your smile, and to make sure the dentist understands and can deliver that," he says.
"And always try the most conservative treatment first."