Budget cuts cause carrier conundrum
The US is cutting its aircraft carrier presence in the Persian Gulf region from two carriers to one, the Defense Department said Wednesday (NZT Thursday), in a move that represents one of the most significant effects of budget cuts on the US military presence overseas.
The decision comes as Washington struggles to find a way to avoid across-the-board automatic spending cuts set to strike the Pentagon and domestic programmes next month.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta has approved keeping just one carrier in the Persian Gulf region.
The US has maintained two aircraft carrier groups in the Gulf for most of the last two years.
Panetta has been leading a campaign to replace the automatic cuts he warned would ‘‘hollow out’’ the military, and the Pentagon had been providing greater details on the cuts it would have to make if Congress failed to both replace them and agree on a 2013 defence budget bill.
The carrier decision is one of the most significant announcements made thus far.
Plans for the USS Harry S. Truman to deploy to the Gulf later this week have been cancelled.
The USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, brought home to Norfolk, Virginia, from the Gulf in December for the resurfacing of its flight deck and other maintenance, will return later this month and stay until about summer.
The USS John C. Stennis will leave the Gulf and return home after the Eisenhower arrives.
Pentagon press secretary George Little said the Navy asked Panetta to delay the deployments of the Truman and the USS Gettysburg, a guided-missile cruiser, because of budget uncertainty.
According to the Navy, reducing the carrier presence in the Gulf from two to one will save several hundred million dollars, including spending on fuel for the ships and the carrier’s air wing, food and other supplies.
Although the ships will not deploy, the crews will continue with their duties in Norfolk, and the ships will routinely conduct training and exercises.
It was not clear whether the ships would eventually be deployed to the Gulf if the budget issues were resolved.
Sweeney said he’s focusing on assisting the roughly 5500 crew members affected by the change.
Prior to deployment, many sailors cancel their apartment leases and cellphone plans and put their cars and other belongings into storage.
In 2010, then-Defense Secretary Robert Gates approved a formal directive to keep two carrier groups in the Gulf amid escalating tensions with Iran.
It has been part of a US show of force in the region, particularly in an effort to ensure that the critical Strait of Hormuz remains open to naval traffic.
Iran has repeatedly threatened to close the strategic waterway, which is the transit route for about a fifth of the world’s oil supply, in retaliation for increased Western-led sanctions.
The Pentagon blamed the decision on budget shortfalls in the current fiscal year spending as well as the threat of across-the-board automatic budget cuts that will be triggered if Congress doesn’t act to stop them by the beginning of March.
Congress has not approved a budget for this fiscal year, and instead has been passing bills to continue the same level of spending as last year. As a result, the Pentagon is operating on less money than it budgeted for this year.
On Wednesday (NZT Thursday), Panetta laid out a grim list of spending cuts the Pentagon will have to make in the coming weeks that he said will seriously damage the country’s economy and degrade the military’s ability to respond to a crisis.
Criticising members of Congress as irresponsible, Panetta said lawmakers were willing to push the country off a fiscal cliff to damage their political opponents.
If Congress doesn’t pass a budget, Panetta said, the Pentagon would have to absorb US$46 billion in spending reductions in this fiscal year and would face a US$35 billion shortfall in operating expenses.
‘‘My fear is that there is a dangerous and callous attitude that is developing among some Republicans and some Democrats, that these dangerous cuts can be allowed to take place in order to blame the other party for the consequences,’’ Panetta said in a speech at Georgetown University.
In Congress, a group of Republican lawmakers from House and Senate offered a plan to cut the federal workforce and use the savings to replace some US$85 billion in across-the-board budget cuts to the Pentagon and domestic programmes.
The legislation reprises a plan offered last year that failed to advance.
In separate, highly detailed memos sent to Congress, the military services described widespread civilian furloughs, layoffs and hiring freezes that will hit workers all around the country.
Overall, the military will furlough 800,000 civilian workers for 22 days, spread across more than five months, and will lay off as many as 46,000 temporary and contract employees.
The Navy said it would cease deployments to South America and the Caribbean and limit those to Europe.
The Air Force warned that it would cut operations at various missile defence radar sites from 24 hours to eight hours.
The Army said it would cancel training centre rotations for four brigades and cancel repairs for thousands of vehicles, radios and weapons.
In addition to all of the more immediate cuts, US troops are also likely to see a smaller pay hike next year than initially planned, due to strains on the budget.
The Pentagon was recommending that the military get a one per cent pay increase in 2014, instead of a 1.7 per cent raise.
The Georgetown appearance was likely one of Panetta’s last speeches as defence secretary.
He is set to leave the Pentagon this month. Former Republican Senator Chuck Hagel has been nominated to take his place, but the Senate Armed Services Committee today announced its vote on the matter was being delayed.