Asia has some of the biggest, brightest and brashest capital cities in the world, each with its own personality.
Some, like Bangkok, are all fire and spice, while others, like Kuala Lumpur, are smooth and sophisticated.
Beijing is serious and restrained, while Tokyo is an exploding pinata, all colour and energy and promise.
Love them or hate them, sometimes you just need to get away from them, to escape the pace and pollution, to slip into some quiet cracks for a while.
As Scarlett Johansson found in the 2003 film Lost in Translation, the calm of Kyoto is only a bullet train away from the turmoil of Tokyo.
1. TOKYO, JAPAN
Side trip: Kyoto
Getting there: The fastest Shinkansen (bullet train) takes about three hours, making a return day trip possible.
See and do: With 17 UNESCO World Heritage-listed sites and a further 2000 temples and shrines you'll need a game plan (and a serious pair of walking shoes). Kick off with the big guns - The Golden Pavilion (with its picture-perfect reflection pond), Sanjusangen-do temple (with its army of 1001 armed Kannon statues), Nijo Castle (one of the last samurai strongholds) and Kiyomizu-dera (literally 'pure water temple'). For quiet reflection there's the rock garden of Ryoan-ji Temple, the bamboo grove of Arashiyama and the Philosopher's Path of Higashiyama.
Don't miss: Visiting Gion, for tea and the chance to glimpse a geisha.
2. BANGKOK, THAILAND
Side trip: Hua Hin
Getting there: The resort town of Hua Hin on the Gulf of Thailand is a three-hour drive from Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport. It can also be reached by train, bus or plane (nokair.com).
See and do: Known as Thailand's "Royal Beach Resort" Hua Hin provides a gentile alternative to Phuket or Samui. Strung along Hua Hin's beachfront is a daisy chain of luxury resorts, spas, seafood restaurants, temples and markets. Further afield you'll find wineries, palaces, nature reserves and some of Thailand's best golf courses.
Don't miss: A morning wine tasting at the nearby Hua Hin Hills vineyard (50 minutes drive).
More info: tourismthailand.org.
3. HANOI, VIETNAM
Side trip: Halong Bay
Getting there: Halong Bay, in the Gulf of Tonkin, is a 3½-hour drive from Hanoi.
See and do: Designated a World Heritage site in 1994, the only way to appreciate this ethereal landscape of jade-coloured waters and soaring limestone islands is from the water. Forget a day trip, you'll need a couple of nights to reach the more pristine parts of the 1550-square-kilometre bay. Days are spent immersed in the landscape; visiting floating villages, paddling inside caves, gorging on beachside barbecues.
Don't miss: A sunrise.
More info: vietnamtourism.com
4. SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
Side trip: Pyeongchang County
Getting there: Pyeongchang, in Gangwon province, is about 200 kilometres east of Seoul and can be reached by car or bus.
See and do: Pyeongchang County, set to host the 2018 Winter Olympics, is home to the 1708-metre Pyeongchang Mountain, the third largest in South Korea. The three main ski resorts are Yongpyong, Alpensia and Phoenix Park, which are open December to March. If you prefer hiking boots to ski boots, Seoraksan National Park is a year-round destination with walking trails, waterfalls, hot springs and temples.
Don't miss: Autumn, when the park erupts in a blaze of colour.
More info: visitkorea.or.kr
5. KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA
Side trip: Batu Caves
Getting there: Batu Caves is in the Gombak district, 13 kilometres north of Kuala Lumpur and reached easily by taxi, bus or train (unless you are a pilgrim, and then you walk).
See and do: After climbing 272 steps, fighting an army of marauding macaques and finally stepping through the entrance to Temple Cave you will see one of the most important Hindu shrines outside of India. Other attractions include the 42-metre statue of Lord Murugan and, if you have any energy left, there's a number of rock climbing routes in the area.
Don't miss: The annual Thaipusam celebration, when thousands of devotees gather at the caves with hooks and skewers in their backs.
More info: tourism.gov.my
6. DENPASAR, BALI
Side trip: Lombok
See and do: Billed as the new Bali, Lombok offers everything from wild surfing beaches to sheltered bays. There's the 3726-metre Mount Rinjani to climb, traditional Sasak villages to visit, and for a holiday within a holiday, the Gili Islands are a short boat ride away. Comprised of three islands - Gili Trawangan, Gili Air and Gili Meno - these pretty islands still exude a bohemian air, but stylish eco-lodges and luxurious villa resorts are moving in.
Don't miss: A ride on a small horse-drawn cart, called a cidomo, around Gili Trawangan.
More info: indonesia.travel
7. VIENTIANE, LAOS
Side trip: Luang Prabang
Getting there: Luang Prabang is a 40-minute flight from Vientiane (laosairlines.com).
See and do: The roll call of things to see and do in the World Heritage-listed Luang Prabang is a study in the art of slow travel; rise at dawn to watch monks collecting alms, take a slow boat along the Mekong, pedal a bike around dusty streets, visit a gleaming temple, float under a waterfall, discover the Pak Ou caves. In between such strenuous activities you can join a cooking class (tamarindlaos.com), enrol in a weaving lesson (ockpoptok.com) or volunteer at a reading centre (bigbrothermouse.com). Or just kick back with a Beerlao.
Don't miss: The Tat Kuang Si Rescue Centre (adjacent to the Tat Kuang Si falls) cares for bears rescued from the illegal wildlife trade (freethebears.org.au).
More info: tourismlaos.org
8. KUCHING, SARAWAK
Side trip: Bako National Park
Getting there: Bako National Park can be reached by a 40-minute drive from Kuching to the tiny fishing village of Kambung Bako, followed by a 20-minute boat ride to the national park.
See and do: Bako National Park, established in 1957, is the oldest national park in Sarawak, eastern Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. Crawling with critters such as long-tailed macaques, silvered langurs and bearded pigs, the park features rainforests, waterfalls, rocky headlands and white sandy beaches, all of which can be accessed by a multitude of sign-posted walking trails. Come as a day trip from Kuching, stay the night in a camp ground or book a forest hut.
Don't miss: A chance to see one of the endangered proboscis monkeys that are found only on the island of Borneo. Bako is home to about 150 of those bulbous-nosed monkeys.
More info: tourism.gov.my
9. PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA
Side trip: Angkor Archaeological Park, Siem Reap
Getting there: Siem Reap can be reached from Phnom Penh by plane (45 minutes, cambodiaangkorair.com), road (four to five hours) or boat (three to eight hours, depending on the season). The main temples are about eight kilometres away.
See and do: If you survive the big three - Angkor Wat (mother of all temples), Ta Prohm (Tomb Raider temple) and Bayon (216 smiling stone faces) - ditch the crowds and find your own favourite. For fine carvings and lichen-clad stonework head to Preah Khan; for perfection in pink head to Banteay Srei Preah and for moody, jungly atmosphere there's Preah Palilay. Get a one, three or seven-day pass at the main entrance on the road to Angkor Wat.
Don't miss: the local dish, amok, a coconut and fresh-water fish curry served in a banana leaf.
More info: tourismcambodia.com
10. BEIJING, CHINA
Side trip: Xian
Getting there: Xian is a two-hour flight from Beijing.
See and do: Xian is well known for its terracotta warriors, that 2000-strong army of life-sized soldiers, horses and chariots built by an emperor with serious security issues. What isn't well-known is that Xian has enough activities to keep you busy for days. Cycle around Xian's city wall, shop in the Muslim Quarter, gaze at Big Wild Goose and Little Wild Goose Pagodas, climb the Bell and Drum Towers, visit the Mausoleum of the first Qin Emperor or see a cultural show at the Tang Dynasty Theatre.
Don't miss: The TangBo Art Museum offers free calligraphy classes (after museum entry).
More info: Helen Wong's Tours offers a 12-day China Discovery tour; helenwongstours.com
- Sydney Morning Herald