American officials are warning anyone travelling through the US that they could face delays due to budget cuts.
US Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano cautioned airline passengers to get to the airport extra early because US spending cuts have already led to long lines at some security checkpoints, and said the coming furloughs will only make the situation worse.
US airports, including Los Angeles International and O'Hare International in Chicago, are already experiencing delays in customs waiting lines, she added.
Napolitano said mandatory spending cuts ordered by President Barack Obama have led to the elimination of overtime for Transportation Security Administration officers and customs agents.
She said furlough notices would begin going out to employees, and Customs and Border Protection said it would send them out later.
Hiring freezes for both agencies will also prevent any open positions from being filled.
"We are already seeing the effects at some of the ports of entry - at the big airports, for example. Some of them had very long lines this weekend," Napolitano said at a "Politico Playbook" breakfast event.
She pointed to Chicago's O'Hare International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport and Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport as examples of those with long lines.
Napolitano said delays were between 150 percent and 200 percent at certain airports. Customs and Border Protection said in a statement that the agency had begun reducing overtime over the weekend and effects were already visible.
"Lanes that would have previously been open due to overtime staffing were closed, further exacerbating wait times at airports with typically longer international arrival processes," the statement said, noting that additional effects were expected in the coming weeks as furloughs take effect.
Musician Phil Tucker, 27, and his band mates from the group Alpine, waited for an hour in Los Angeles before clearing customs after flying in from Melbourne, Australia. Tucker said that several of the customs booths were closed.
In Chicago's arrivals terminal, Dave Wagner, 51, of Boston, Massachusetts and his brother John, 48, of Chicago, arrived late Monday morning on a flight from Hong Kong. They said it took them an hour to clear customs - and that the wait appeared to be growing.
"It should have taken maybe 15 or 20 minutes," said Dave Wagner. "But there was only one agent for 12 lines."
At O'Hare International Airport's Terminal 2, which serves domestic passengers, a five-lane line for the TSA security checkpoint snaked back into the check-in area at 1 p.m.
Most passengers crossed through to their gates in about 30 minutes.
Some lawmakers have accused Napolitano and other administration officials of fear-mongering and exaggerating the impact that would be seen from the deep spending reductions known as the "sequester" which cut a total of US$85 billion from government agencies between March 1 and October 1.
But Napolitano said the problems were real.
"Look, people, I don't mean to scare, I mean to inform. If you're travelling, get to the airport earlier than you otherwise would," she said. "And please don't yell at the Customs officers or the TSA officers - they are not responsible for the sequester."
The TSA issued a statement predicting lines and wait times would increase as the year goes on, especially during busy travel periods. It said the agency would have up to 2,600 TSA officer vacancies by the end of the fiscal year.
The Secret Service, which is also part of DHS, will see a five percent cut in spending but Napolitano said it would not impact security of the president.
The cuts at the agency will be on the investigative side which handles financial and identity theft, cyber crime and counterfeiting cases.
- Reuters and AP