Ebola: 2127 infected, at least 1145 dead

JONATHAN PAYE-LAYLEH AND SARAH DILORENZO
Last updated 09:42 16/08/2014
Reuters

Doctors Without Borders says West Africa is fighting a war, not with guns and bullets but with experimental drugs and checkpoints, as Ebola takes its deadly toll.

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HEALTH WARNING: person in a protective suit works at an Ebola isolation ward at a mission hospital outside of Monrovia, Liberia.

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The Ebola outbreak that has killed more than 1000 people in West Africa could last another six months, Doctors Without Borders says, and an aid worker acknowledged the true death toll is unknown.

Meanwhile, new figures released by the World Health Organization showed that Liberia has recorded more deaths - 413 - than any of the other affected countries.

Tarnue Karbbar, who works for the aid group Plan International in northern Liberia, said response teams simply aren't able to document all the cases erupting. Many of the sick are still being hidden at home by their relatives, too fearful of going to an Ebola treatment centre.

Others are buried before the teams can get to the area, he said. In the last several days, some 75 cases have emerged in a single district.

"Our challenge now is to quarantine the area to successfully break the transmission," he said, referring to the Voinjama area.

Part of the fear stems from the fact that there is no cure or licensed treatment for Ebola, and patients often die gruesome deaths with external bleeding from their mouths, eyes or ears. A handful of people, however, have received an experimental drug, whose effectiveness is unknown.

Liberia's assistant health minister, Tolbert Nyenswah, said that three people in Liberia were receiving the ZMapp on Friday (local time). Previously, only two Americans and a Spaniard had received it. The Americans were improving, but it is not known what role ZMapp played. The Spaniard died.

The World Health Organization has approved the use of such untested drugs but their supply is extremely limited. The doses of ZMapp currently being used in Liberia are reportedly the last in the world.

The UN health agency has said the focus should be on practicing good hygiene, and quickly identifying the sick and isolating them. That task is made harder, however, by the shortage of space in treatment facilities.

Beds in such centres were filling up faster than they could be provided, evidence that the outbreak in West Africa was far more severe than the numbers showed, said Gregory Hartl, a spokesman for World Health Organization in Geneva.

There were 40 beds at a treatment centre that Doctors Without Borders - also known by its French acronym MSF - recently took over in one quarantined county in Liberia. But 137 people have flocked there, packing the hallways until they could be sorted into those who were infected and those were not, said Joanne Liu, MSF's international president.

Nyenswah described a similar situation in a treatment centre in Liberia's capital of Monrovia: In one ward meant to accommodate between 20 and 25 people, 80 were now crowded in. Another treatment centre with 120 beds was expected to open on Saturday just outside Monrovia.

"It's absolutely dangerous," said Liu, who recently returned from Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. "With the massive influx of patients that we had over the last few days, we're not able to keep zones of patients anymore. Everybody is mixed."

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Liu likened the situation to a state of war because the "frontline" was always moving and unpredictable. She said the outbreak could last six more months.

The death toll was now 1145 people in four countries across West Africa, according to figures released Friday by the World Health Organization. At least 2127 cases have been reported in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Nigeria, WHO said.

Sierra Leone's president, Ernest Bai Koroma, told journalists on Friday that the country had lost two doctors and 32 nurses to Ebola.

"We need specialised clinicians and expertise and that is why we are appealing to the international community for an enhanced response to our fight against the Ebola disease," he said.

The Ebola crisis was also disrupting food supplies and transportation. Some 1 million people in isolated areas may need food assistance in the coming months, according to the UN World Food Programme, which was preparing a regional emergency operation to bring food by convoy to the needy.

Amid a growing number of airline cancellations, the UN would start flights for humanitarian workers on Saturday to ensure aid operations aren't interrupted. In the coming weeks, they would also ferry staff to remote areas by helicopter.

Ebola causes a high fever, bleeding and vomiting. It has no cure and no licensed treatment and has been fatal in at least 50 per cent of the cases, health experts say.

- AP

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