Militia surrender in record numbers
Members of a Rwandan Hutu militia in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo are surrending in large numbers to UN peacekeepers trying to neutralise armed groups in the region, a senior UN official says.
Congolese troops and the UN peacekeeping mission, which includes a unique Intervention Brigade mandated to eliminate armed groups in eastern Congo, have turned their attention to combating the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) after defeating the Tutsi-led M23 rebel group last month.
Martin Kobler, head of the UN mission, said operations against the FDLR began on November 27.
He said the group had up to 1800 fighters, but only 30 per cent were Hutus who fled Rwanda after the 1994 genocide of 800,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutus.
''Most of them are young people, 70 per cent of them are young people below the age of 30. They were not involved in the 1994 genocide so it is easier for them also to surrender to us,'' Kobler told reporters after briefing the UN Security Council on the situation in Congo behind closed doors.
''We have quite a number of surrenderees, a whole platoon every month is surrendering without fighting,'' he said.
Millions of people have died from violence, disease and hunger in eastern Congo since the 1990s while dozens of rebel groups have fought for control of its rich deposits of gold, diamonds, copper, cobalt and uranium.
French UN Ambassador Gerard Araud, the president of the Security Council for December, said Kobler told the 15-member Security Council that tackling the FDLR involved a different approach to that used against the M23 rebels.
''There is a major obstacle in that the FDLR are living with their families,'' Araud said.
''The M23 was waging a traditional war with a front with armed forces quite easily identifiable while the FDLR are small groups, very, very often living in small villages with their families, which means among civilians,'' he said.
Kobler also spoke about the unarmed surveillance drones that the United Nations started to use earlier this month to monitor the volatile border between Congo and its neighbors Rwanda and Uganda.
''This is a deterrent I think to all armed groups,'' Kobler told reporters.
''If you see the imagery, you can seen from 2000 metres children playing football in a backyard and you can identify the faces.''