Gay pride parades stepped off around North America on Sunday (local time), in cities large and small, with gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people and their supporters celebrating a year of same-sex marriage victories.
New York’s Fifth Avenue became one giant rainbow as thousands of participants waved multicolored flags while making their way down the street. Politicians including Mayor Bill de Blasio and Governor Andrew Cuomo were among those walking along a lavender line painted on the avenue from midtown Manhattan to the West Village.
The parade marked the 45th anniversary of the Stonewall riots, the 1969 uprising against police raids that were a catalyst for the gay rights movement. The parade route passes The Stonewall Inn, the site of the riots.
In Chicago, as many as 1 million people were expected to pack the streets of the city’s North Side for the first gay pride parade since Illinois legalized gay marriage last month.
Charlie Gurion, who with David Wilk got a same-sex marriage license in February, said there was a different feel to the parade this year.
‘‘I think there is definitely like an even more sense of pride now knowing that in Illinois you can legally get married now,’’ Gurion said, as he posed for photograph after photograph with Wilk at the parade. ‘‘I think it is a huge thing and everybody’s over the moon that they can do it now.’’
A year ago, the US Supreme Court issued a pair of landmark rulings, one striking down the statute that denied federal recognition to same-sex marriages and the other clearing the way for gay couples to wed legally in California.
In the 12 months since then, the ripple effects of those rulings has transformed the national debate over same-sex marriage, convincing many people on both sides of the contentious issue that its spread nationwide is inevitable.
From the East Coast to the Midwest and the Pacific, seven more states legalized same-sex marriage, boosting the total to 19, plus Washington, D.C. The Obama administration moved vigorously to extend federal benefits to married gay couples. And in 17 consecutive court decisions, federal and state judges have upheld the right of gays to marry. Not a single ruling has gone the other way.
Parades also were held Sunday across the US, including in Minneapolis, Seattle and Houston, while festivals were held Saturday in France, Spain, Mexico and Peru. In Toronto, thousands celebrated World Pride Week.
In San Francisco, hundreds of motorcyclists of the lesbian group Dykes on Bikes took their traditional spot at the head of the 44th annual parade and loudly kicked off the festivities with a combined roar. Apple Inc. had one of the largest corporate presences, and chief executive Tim Cook greeted the estimated 4,000 employees and family members who participated.
For some veterans of the parade, the event has lost some its edge as it gains mainstream acceptance.
‘‘There’s less partying,’’ said Larry Pettit, who said he attended the first parade more than four decades ago. ‘‘There’s less sex. Everyone’s interested in politics and no one is having sex.’’