Pause in Wikileaks leak prosecution
DAVID DISHNEAU AND PAULINE JELINEK
US prosecutors have rested their case against Bradley Manning after trying to prove the former Army intelligence analyst let military secrets fall into the hands of al Qaeda and its former leader, Osama bin Laden.
The 25-year-old Manning is charged with 21 offences, including aiding the enemy, which carries a possible life sentence.
To prove that charge, prosecutors must show Manning gave intelligence to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks, knowing it would be published online and seen by an enemy of the United States.
Manning has acknowledged sending more than 700,000 Iraq and Afghanistan war logs and State Department diplomatic cables, along with several battlefield video clips, to WikiLeaks while working in Baghdad from November 2009 through May 2010.
The defence could begin its case as early as Monday (NZT Tuesday), when the trial will resume.
Manning's defence has said he was a young, naive, but well-intentioned soldier whose struggle to fit in as a gay man in the military made him feel he ''needed to do something to make a difference in this world''.
Manning has told a military judge he leaked the war logs to document ''the true costs of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan,'' including the deaths of two Reuters employees killed in a US helicopter attack.
Manning said the diplomatic cables revealed secret pacts and deceit he thought should be exposed.
Prosecutors presented evidence that Manning used military computers in Iraq to download reams of documents and battlefield video from a classified network, transferred some of the material to his personal computer and sent it to WikiLeaks.
The evidence showed Manning's training repeatedly instructed him not to give classified information to unauthorised people.
Prosecutors presented evidence that al Qaeda leaders reveled in WikiLeaks' publication of classified US documents, urging members to study them before devising ways to attack the United States.
''By the grace of God the enemy's interests are today spread all over the place,'' Adam Gadahn, a spokesman for the terrorist group, said in a 2011 al-Qaida propaganda video.
The video specifically referred to material available on the WikiLeaks website.
The government also presented evidence that bin Laden asked for and received from an associate the Afghanistan battlefield reports that WikiLeaks published.
The evidence was a written statement, agreed to by the defence, that the material was found on digital media seized in the May 2011 raid on bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Bin Laden was killed in the raid.
Prosecutors struggled though to prove Manning collaborated with WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange or looked to WikiLeaks for guidance - assertions meant to show that he leaked the material with evil intent.
Manning also faced eight espionage counts and a computer fraud charge, all alleging he either exceeded his authorised access to classified information or had unauthorised possession of national defence material.
His top-secret clearance enabled him to look at many kinds of classified information, and his job required him do so. But an information assurance officer, Captain Thomas Cherepko, testified that ''having the ability to go there doesn't mean you have the need or authority to go there''.
Manning is also charged with five counts of theft, each alleging he stole a something of value worth more than US$1000.
Manning has pleaded guilty to reduced charges on seven of eight espionage counts and two computer fraud counts.
He also has pleaded guilty to violating a military regulation prohibiting wrongful storage of classified information.
The offences he has admitted carry a combined maximum prison term of 20 years.
Despite his pleas, prosecutors are seeking to convict him of the original charges.