Concealed guns for teachers
When classes at Clarksville High School resume in August, assistant principal Cheyne Dougan will be among the more than 20 teachers, administrators and other employees in the school district carrying concealed weapons.
After a school shooting in Connecticut last December that left 20 children and six teachers dead, the idea of arming schoolhouses against gunmen was hotly debated across the country.
The National Rifle Association declared it the best response to serious threats. But even in the most conservative states, most proposals faltered in the face of resistance from educators or warnings from insurance companies that schools would face higher premiums.
Making use of a little-known Arkansas law that allows licensed, armed security guards on campus, Dougan and other teachers at the school will be considered guards.
''The plan we've been given in the past is 'Well, lock your doors, turn off your lights and hope for the best,''' Superintendent David Hopkins said. But as deadly incidents continued to happen in schools, he explained, the district decided, ''That's not a plan.''
In strongly conservative Arkansas, where gun ownership is common and gun laws are permissive, no school district had ever used the law to arm teachers on the job, according to the state Department of Education.
The closest was the Lake Hamilton School, which for years has kept several guns locked up in case of emergency.
Only a handful of trained administrators - not teachers - have access to the weapons.
Clarksville, a community of 9200 people about 160 kilometres northwest of Little Rock, is going further.
Home to an annual peach festival, the town isn't known for having dangerous schools. But Hopkins said he faced a flood of calls from parents worried about safety after the attack last year at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut.
Hopkins said he and other school leaders didn't see why the district couldn't rely on its own staff and teachers to protect students rather than hire someone.
State officials are not blocking Clarksville's plan, but Arkansas Education Commissioner Tom Kimbrell is opposed to the idea of arming teachers and staff. He prefers to hire law enforcement officers as school resource officers.
There are other dissenters too. Donna Morey, former president of the Arkansas Education Association, called the idea of arming teachers ''awful''.
The risk of a student accidentally getting shot or obtaining a gun outweighs any benefits, she said.
''We just think educators should be in the business of educating students, not carrying a weapon,'' Morey said.
Participants in the programme are given a one-time US$1100 (NZ$1350) stipend to purchase a handgun and holster.
Hopkins said the district is paying about US$50,000 for ammunition and for training that is narrowly tailored for teachers to respond to shooters on campus.
Sydney Whitkanack, who will enter seventh grade this fall, said she's grown up around firearms and doesn't mind if teachers or staff are armed at school.
''If they're concealed, then it's no big deal,'' said Whitkanack.
''It's not like someone's going to know 'Oh, they have a firearm.'''
The district will post signs at each school about the armed guards, but the identities of faculty and staff carrying weapons will be kept secret, Hopkins said.
Those who participate in the programme will continue to receive regular training, he said.
Sherry Wommack said the programme is one reason she's taking her son, an incoming eighth-grader, out of Clarksville's schools before the school year begins.
Wommack said she doesn't believe teachers should make life-or-death choices involving students.
''I think police officers are trained to make those decisions, not teachers,'' Wommack said.