Donald Trump shared highly classified information with Russians during their White House visit

REUTERS

US President Donald Trump did not discuss sources, methods or military operations in his meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, National Security Adviser HR McMaster says.

US President Donald Trump revealed highly classified information to the Russian foreign minister and ambassador when they met him at the White House last week.

Current and former US officials said Trump's disclosures jeopardised a critical source of intelligence on the Islamic State.

The intelligence was so sensitive that details have been withheld from allies and tightly restricted even within the US government, officials said.

The information Trump relayed had been provided by a US partner through an intelligence-sharing arrangement.

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Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, left, US President Donald Trump, and Russian Ambassador to the United States ...
ALEXANDER SHCHERBAK/TASS

Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, left, US President Donald Trump, and Russian Ambassador to the United States Sergei Kislyak talking during a meeting in the Oval Office at the White House.

The partner had not given the United States permission to share the material with Russia, and officials said that Trump's decision to do so risks cooperation from an ally that has access to the inner workings of the Islamic State.

After Trump's meeting, senior White House officials took steps to contain the damage, placing calls to the CIA and National Security Agency.

"This is code-word information," said a US official familiar with the matter, using terminology that refers to one of the highest classification levels used by American spy agencies.

Trump went off script, describing details about an Islamic State terrorist threat related to the use of laptop computers ...
ALEXANDER SHCHERBAK/TASS

Trump went off script, describing details about an Islamic State terrorist threat related to the use of laptop computers on aircraft.

Trump "revealed more information to the Russian ambassador than we have shared with our own allies."

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The revelation comes as Trump faces rising legal and political pressure on multiple Russia-related fronts.

Last week, he fired FBI Director James Comey in the midst of a bureau investigation into links between the Trump campaign and Moscow.

REUTERS

US senators react to reports that Donald Trump disclosed highly classified information to the Russian foreign minister.

Trump's subsequent admission that his decision was driven by "this Russia thing" was seen by critics as attempted obstruction of justice.

One day after dismissing Comey, Trump welcomed Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Ambassador Sergey Kislyak - a key figure in earlier Russia controversies - into the Oval Office.

It was during that meeting, officials said, that Trump went off script and began describing details about an Islamic State terrorist threat related to the use of laptop computers on aircraft.

Trump "revealed more information to the Russian ambassador than we have shared with our own allies", sources say.
ALEXANDER SHCHERBAK/TASS

Trump "revealed more information to the Russian ambassador than we have shared with our own allies", sources say.

For almost anyone in government, discussing such matters with an adversary would be illegal.

As US president, Trump has broad authority to declassify government secrets, making it unlikely that his disclosures broke the law.

"The president and the foreign minister reviewed common threats from terrorist organisations to include threats to aviation," said HR McMaster, the national security adviser, who participated in the meeting.

The intelligence was so sensitive that details have been withheld from allies and tightly restricted even within the US ...
CARLOS BARRIA/REUTERS

The intelligence was so sensitive that details have been withheld from allies and tightly restricted even within the US government, officials said.

"At no time were any intelligence sources or methods discussed and no military operations were disclosed that were not already known publicly."

The CIA declined to comment and the National Security Agency did not respond to requests for comment.

But officials expressed concern with Trump's handling of sensitive information as well as his grasp of the potential consequences.

Exposure of an intelligence stream that has provided critical insight into the Islamic State, they said, could hinder the United States' and its allies' ability to detect future threats.

"It is all kind of shocking," said a former senior US official close to current administration officials.

"Trump seems to be very reckless, and doesn't grasp the gravity of the things he's dealing with, especially when it comes to intelligence and national security. And it's all clouded because of this problem he has with Russia."

In his meeting with Lavrov, Trump seemed to be boasting about his inside knowledge of the looming threat.

"I get great intel. I have people brief me on great intel every day," Trump said, according to an official with knowledge of the exchange.

Trump went on to discuss aspects of the threat that the United States only learned through the espionage capabilities of a key partner.

He did not reveal the specific intelligence gathering method, but described how the Islamic State was pursuing elements of a specific plot and how much harm such an attack could cause under varying circumstances.

Most alarmingly, officials said, Trump revealed the city in the Islamic State's territory where the US intelligence partner detected the threat.

GIVING RUSSIA THE LOCATION THE MOST PROBLEMATIC

The Washington Post is withholding most plot details, including the name of the city, at the urging of officials who warned that revealing them would jeopardise important intelligence capabilities.

"Everyone knows this stream is very sensitive and the idea of sharing it at this level of granularity with the Russians is troubling," said a former senior US counter-terrorism official who also worked closely with members of the Trump national security team.

He and others spoke on condition of anonymity, citing the sensitivity of the subject.

The identification of the location was seen as particularly problematic, officials said, because Russia could use that detail to help identify the US ally or intelligence capability involved.

Officials said that the capability could be useful for other purposes, possibly providing intelligence on Russia's presence in Syria. Moscow and would be keenly interested in identifying that source and possibly disrupting it.

Russia and the United States both regard the Islamic State as an enemy and share limited information about terrorist threats.

But the two nations have competing agendas in Syria, where Moscow has deployed military assets and personnel to support Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

"Russia could identify our sources or techniques," the senior US official said.

A former intelligence official who handled high-level intelligence on Russia said that given the clues Trump provided, "I don't think that it would be that hard [for Russian spy services] to figure this out."

NOT TRUMP'S INFO TO SHARE

At a more fundamental level, the information wasn't the United States' to provide to others.

Under the rules of espionage, governments - and even individual agencies - are given significant control over whether and how the information they gather is disseminated even after it has been shared. Violating that practice undercuts trust considered essential to sharing secrets.

The officials declined to identify the ally, but said it is one that has previously voiced frustration with Washington's inability to safeguard sensitive information related to Iraq and Syria.

"If that partner learned we'd given this to Russia without their knowledge or asking first that is a blow to that relationship," the US official said.

Trump also described measures that the United States has taken or is contemplating to counter the threat, including military operations in Iraq and Syria as well as other steps to tighten security, officials said.

The officials would not discuss details of those measures, but the Department of Homeland Security recently disclosed that it is considering banning laptops and other large electronic devices from carry-on bags on flights between Europe and the United States.

The United States and Britain imposed a similar ban in March affecting travelers passing through airports in 10 Muslim-majority countries.

Trump cast the counter-measures in wistful terms. "Can you believe the world we live in today?" he said, according to one official. "Isn't it crazy."

AMBASSADOR AND FOREIGN MINISTER WEREN'T ALONE

Lavrov and Kislyak were also accompanied by aides.

A Russian photographer took photos of part of the session that were released by the Russian state-owned Tass news agency.

No US news organisation was allowed to attend any part of the meeting.

Senior White House officials appeared to recognise quickly that Trump had over-stepped and moved to contain the potential fallout.

Thomas Bossert, assistant to the president for homeland security and counter-terrorism, placed calls to the directors of the CIA and the NSA, services most directly involved in the intelligence-sharing arrangement with the partner.

One of Bossert's subordinates also called for the problematic portion of Trump's discussion to be stricken from internal memos and for the full transcript to be limited to a small circle of recipients, efforts to prevent sensitive details from being disseminated further or leaked.

'DOES HE UNDERSTAND WHAT'S CLASSIFIED?'

Trump has repeatedly gone off-script in his dealings with high-ranking foreign officials, most notably in his contentious introductory conversation with the Australian Prime Minister earlier this year.

He has also faced criticism for lax attention to security at his Florida retreat Mar-a-Lago, where he appeared to field preliminary reports of a North Korea missile launch in full view of casual diners.

US officials said that the National Security Council continues to prepare multi-page briefings for Trump to guide him through conversations with foreign leaders but that he has insisted that the guidance be distilled to a single page of bullet points, and often ignores those.

"He seems to get in the room or on the phone and just goes with it - and that has big downsides," the second former official said.

"Does he understand what's classified and what's not? That's what worries me."

THE RUSSIAN REACTION

Lavrov's reaction to the Trump disclosures was muted, officials said, calling for the United States to work more closely with Moscow on fighting terrorism.

Kislyak has figured prominently in damaging stories about the Trump administration's ties to Russia.

Trump's initial national security adviser, Michael Flynn, was forced to resign just 24 days into the job over his contacts with Kislyak and misleading statements about them.

US Attorney General Jeff Sessions was forced to recuse himself from matters related to the FBI's Russia investigation after it was revealed that he had met and spoke with Kislyak despite denying any contact with Russian officials during his confirmation hearing.

"I'm sure Kislyak was able to fire off a good cable back to the Kremlin with all the details" he gleaned from Trump, said the former US official who handled intelligence on Russia.

The White House readout of the meeting with Lavrov and Kislyak made no mention of the discussion of a terrorist threat.

"Trump emphasised the need to work together to end the conflict in Syria," the summary said.

Trump also "raised Ukraine" and "emphasised his desire to build a better relationship between the United States and Russia."

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 - The Washington Post

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