US prosecutors have charged Octomom Nadya Suleman with welfare fraud.
The district attorney's office in Los Angeles said Suleman failed to report nearly US$30,000 in earnings while applying for public assistance last year.
Suleman, whose real name is Natalie Denise Suleman, was not arrested but was ordered to appear in court on Friday, the office said.
A prosecution statement said she was charged on January 6 with one count of aid by misrepresentation and two counts of perjury by false application. If convicted, she faces up to five years and eight months in custody.
In addition to her octuplets, Suleman has six other children.
All 14 of her children were conceived through in vitro fertility treatments. Her octuplets are the world's longest-surviving set.
Since their birth, the single mother has tried to support her huge family in a variety of ways, including endorsing birth control for pets, making a pornographic video, posing for semi-nude photo shoots and participating in celebrity boxing matches.
Last year she spent several weeks in a rehabilitation centre for what her former publicist said was anxiety, exhaustion and stress.