The end of Australia's car manufacturing industry has arrived, with Toyota telling its 4200 local staff it will no longer make cars in Melbourne beyond 2017.
A small army of security guards assembled at the company's Altona plant in Melbourne, ahead of the annual address by Toyota Australia president Max Yasuda.
They were told of Toyota's decision to end local manufacturing in 2017, with an estimated 2500 manufacturing workers to lose their jobs at Toyota's Altona plant.
In less than 12 months, all three of Australia's car manufacturers - Ford, Holden and now Toyota - have pulled the pin on the local industry.
The decision is a massive blow for the economies of Victoria and South Australia.
The parts industry alone employs 18,000 people in Victoria and 6000 in South Australia.
"Toyota Australia today announced that it will stop building cars in Australia by the end of 2017 and become a national sales and distribution company," the company said in a media statement.
"This means that local manufacturing of the Camry, Camry Hybrid and Aurion vehicles, as well as the production of four-cylinder engines, will cease by the end of 2017.
"The decision was not based on any single factor. The market and economic factors contributing to the decision include the unfavourable Australian dollar that makes exports unviable, high costs of manufacturing and low economies of scale for our vehicle production and local supplier base," the statement said.
"Together with one of the most open and fragmented automotive markets in the world and increased competitiveness due to current and future free trade agreements, it is not viable to continue building cars in Australia."
Toyota Australia chief Mr Yasuda said the company had done everything it could to transform its business.
"But the reality is that there are too many factors beyond our control that make it unviable to build cars in Australia," he said
Industry Minister Ian MacFarlane said the federal government was in discussions to provide further assistance to Toyota, but those discussiona ''have been curtailed by the decision the company made today''.
Mr MacFarlane also said that ''hundreds of thousands of workers are made redundant every year'', and the Australian economy was able to provide jobs and other options for those people.
Prime Minister Tony Abbott also took a hard line on Toyota's decision to close local manufacturing. ''While some businesses close, other businesses open, while some jobs end, other jobs start,'' he said. ''The challenge of government at all levels is to ensure there are more jobs starting than ending.
'Nothing we can say or do can limit the impact and devastation today that some people feel .. . [but] there will be better days in the future.''
Federal Opposition Leader Bill Shorten laid the blame for Toyota's demise at the feet of the Abbott government.
''It's an unmitigated disaster,'' he said. ''The car industry has died under the Abbott government. It's a disgrace.''
''Tony Abbott does not give a stuff about jobs in Australia, he is just busy playing political games and stunts.''
Mr Shorten said Toyota executives had told him their decision to quit Australia had nothing to do with overly generous workers' conditions.
He put Toyota's exit down to a combination of the high Australian dollar, the small size of the local market, the collapse of Holden and the pressure that put on component manufacturers.
Victorian Premier Denis Napthine said he was told of the decision by the president of Toyota Corporation, Akio Toyoda, that the company would cease production in Australia.
''I am extremely disappointed by this sudden decision and would clearly have preferred to have had the opportunity to work through these issues with Toyota and the federal government,'' he said.
''My thoughts go immediately to Toyota workers and their families as well as workers across the supply chain. The Victorian Coalition government stands ready to do everything we can to support workers and their families.''
Labor industry spokesman Kim Carr was furious with the decision.
''Tony Abbott has effectively chased them out of Australia,'' Mr Carr said. ''This is a government that prides itself on its capacity to destroy industries. 2013 was a referendum on the future of the automotive industry. I am truly appalled. The social and economic implications of this decision for Australian manufacturing are disastrous.
''None of this was necessary, this was never inevitable. What is the alternative for the 30,000 auto workers in Victoria?''
Mr Carr said the Labor government had budgeted $200 million to help Toyota build the next-generation Camry in Australia beyond 2017.
''This government has a viciousness to it, a callous disregard for the social consequences,'' he said.
''Toyota made it very clear that they need a long-term consistent globally competitive policy suitable to attract future investment.''
Unions laid the blame for the announcement on Prime Minister Tony Abbott, saying the closure came as a result of the Coalition ''refusing to support investment in Australia''.
And one union official predicted the departure of Toyota could throw Australia's eastern states into recession. Australian Manufacturing Workers Union vehicle division secretary Dave Smith said the closure in 2017 would be devastating for thousands of workers and the entire Australian manufacturing industry.
''This decision will see thousands of jobs exit Australia - not only at Toyota directly but all the way down the supply chain,'' Mr Smith said. ''The magnitude of this decision in the community cannot be underestimated. We are looking at a potential recession all along the south-eastern seaboard.''
Mr Smith said the government was ''chasing important and viable operations out of Australia. This is serious injections of foreign capital we are waving goodbye to across the manufacturing sector.''
He said there was not a a car industry in the world that did not receive government support.
"If you value something, you invest in it. This government is driving jobs and our economy into the ground."