A confidant of Russian President Vladimir Putin accused the West of trying to impose decadent values on the rest of the world, saying the bearded drag queen who won the Eurovision Song Contest last weekend symbolised its "ethno-fascism".
Russian Railways boss Vladimir Yakunin, who has said he is flattered to be on a US sanctions list introduced in response to the Ukraine crisis, launched a broad attack on Western values at a conference in Berlin.
He said the United States spoke about fighting for democracy but wanted to impose its values on others. He cited sanctions slapped on the initiator of a Russian law against homosexual "propaganda" and Conchita Wurst's Eurovision win last weekend.
"A vulgar ethno-facism from the distant past has once again become part of our lives," said Yakunin at the German-Russia Forum in the German capital.
"The ancient definition of democracy had nothing to do with bearded women but with the leadership of the people."
Even before the crisis in Ukraine erupted, Russia had drawn criticism from the West for its ban on what it terms propaganda about homosexuality. It says the ban is meant to protect minors.
The openly gay Austrian singer Wurst has called her success at the Eurovision Song Contest a victory over the forces of intolerance, including Russia's Putin.
Yakunin urged Europeans to distance themselves from the United States and said the sanctions imposed were "pure propaganda, purely political steps".
"Why is it that everything that comes from across the ocean is good - even the Iraq war?" said Yakunin. "But any attempt by Russia to make a proposal is viewed negatively."
Yakunin was targeted on a US sanctions list in March in response to Russia's moves to annex the Ukrainian region of Crimea, which triggered the worst crisis in the West's relations with Russia since the Cold War.